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To the friend's memory

V. P. Zinchenko

The author describes V. V. Davydov's biography, his contribution to general and pedagogical psychology and educative science.


Object activity and ontogenesis of cognition

V. V. Davydov, V. P. Zinchenko

The article presents a chapter of collective monograph. It deals with theoretical thinking development in the framework of human's general psychic development.


Concerning the working out of psychic development theory by V. V. Davydov

A. V. Brushlinsky

Two principal stages of V. V. Davydov's creative evolution are marked out: the first of them (beginning in fifties) is based primarily on P. Ya. Galperin's theory; the second one (beginning on the turn of seventies - eighties) is influenced by L. S. Vygotsky's theories. It is shown that V. V. Davydov's scientific findings are based on newly worked out system of notions - interiorisation, forming and development of psychics, general and special, abstract and concrete, personality and creativity.


The construction of social practice by educational means

Yu. V. Gromyko

General fundamental principles and notions determining the formation of new educative practice after V. V. Davydov are presented. These notions are: activity curriculum, construction of new subjects, structure of consciousness, project approach in education. The most important trend of educational practice - the one of new educative content construction - is analyzed. The concept of mental act is considered to be a "cell" of consciousness in this new line of theoretical aspect. The author shows that V. V. Davydov's ideas of activity approach allow to introduce new understanding of thinking process, of knowledge development and of educational consciousness growth. New disciplines (constructive activity didactics, educational personology) based on V. V. Davydov's theory can be worked out.


Joint learning activity in the problem of social interaction and learning context

V. V. Rubtsov

The notion of joint learning activity is one of principal ideas of V. V. Davydov's theory of learning activity. The studies of social interaction and learning represent the trend of psychology based on the understanding of social situation as of developmental situation, determined by the ways of interaction. The results of experimental studies concerning social interaction and learning are presented.


Psychological basis of stage continuity in developing education system: V. V. Davydov's design

V. T. Kudryavtsev

General approach to projecting of developing education stages continuity as of developing system is discussed. Psychological aspects of continuity during transition from preschool to primary and from primary to fundamental education are shown. Special attention is paid to child's creative potential development. Untraditional interpretation of learning activity subject is given.


What is and what is not developed by learning activity in junior schoolchildren?

G. A. Tsukerman

Learning activity develops in junior schoolchildren the reflexive ability making it possible to differentiate known and unknown and, using hypotheses concerning unknown, to address one's own and partner's (peer's, teacher's) action in joint solving of new problems. Ability to ask for information, to criticize actions and opinions, to be independent in evaluation and self-evaluation, tendency to solve any problem by disputable means are behavioral manifestations of junior schoolchildren's as learning activity subjects' reflexive development. Learning activity does not develop the abilities which are not reflexive - credulity, imitation, idle fantasies. These abilities are developed in other kinds of activity. A teacher planning school education must combine all the kinds of activity to avoid one-sided development.


"Teach a fantasy.. . "

(Creativity and developing education)

A. A. Leont'ev

Creativity problem as psychological problem is much broader than the notion of theoretical thinking as creativity basis. Creativity does not come to the actions of new values composing. Different types of creativity are united by human ability to act in uncertain situations. Such an ability is determined by personal self-realization.


Children's work with hypotheses in Elkonin's - Davydov's educative system

E. V. Chudinova

The author discusses children's hypotheses' role in learning activity and teacher's work with children's assumptions in Elkonin's - Davydov's system and connected to such an educative organization psychological effects. Results of psychological diagnostics in children educated by Elkonin's - Davydov's system are presented.


Learning activity and creativity in children studying art

Yu. A. Poluyanov

The possibilities and limitations of school art lessons based on Elkonin's - Davydov's concept of learning activity are discussed. Psychological and aesthetic factors of specific ratio of learning and creativity in junior schoolchildren are analyzed and the ways of planning the content and organization of art lessons, effectively developing children's ability to form images on aesthetic principles, are offered.


Psychology in higher school

The results of higher school programs contest held by "Voprosy psychologii" with sponsorship of Open Society Institute  were published in previous issue. The texts of winning programs are presented in this and the next issues. We wish to underline high level of other programs beside published ones: O. M. Dyachenko's, T. D. Martsinkovskaya's, V. Yu. Menovshchikov's, L. M. Mitina's, V. V. Nagaev's, E. Yu. Novikova's, A. A. Tyukov's and E. B. Fantalova's. The winners are:

Isaev E. I., Slobodchikov V. I. General psychology. Developmental psychology

Ovcharenko V. I. Psychoanalytic anthropology

Kornilova T. V. Experimental methods in psychology

Borisova E. M. The principles of psychodiagnostics

Lokalova N. P. Psychodiagnostics of difficulties in learning and their overcoming

Kleiberg Yu. A. Psychology of deviant behavior