Child's attachment to mother and self-image in early childhood
The correlation between such parameters as attachment specificity, the level of child's self-image development, mother's self-image, mother's evaluation of her attachment to the child and her subjective evaluation of child's attachment to her is shown. It is demonstrated that child's high level of self-image development corresponds to more pronounced independence. The mothers of such children are characterized by high level of self-image, strong attachment to a child which they judge to be stronger than child's attachment to mother. On the contrary, children with low level of self-image demonstrate affective, non-stable attachment to mother, and their mothers are characterized by lower self-evaluation and judge their attachment to a child to be weaker that child's attachment to them.
The experience of municipal play-room usage
The program of early intervention in infants (Î—3 years old) by means of developing games is described.
Emotional mechanisms of personal and creative development
The creativity is considered to be realization of human personality. Emotional reactions and states are judged to be leading form of person's realization of one's individuality. The main condition of child's personality manifestation is adult's naming, acceptance and encouragement of emotional manifestations. Adult's role in creative development of a child consists in the guaranteeing of child's emotional self-expression; it is-necessary to transform cognitive contents into emotional one.
Personal and vocational development in new social-economical conditions
The author's concept and technology of vocational development in modem Russian education is presented. These methods enable one to perform diagnostics, prognosis, correction of vocational development as well as to make innovative projects and program of general and special continuing education.
Special features of sexual identification in teenagers
Age-specific and individual features of forming of sexual identification in 11—14 year old teenagers are studied. There are 5 general types of identity: adequate, inverted, age-differentiated, undifferentiated, infantile. Their presentation in emotional and cognitive components is demonstrated.
Social psychologist work in Russian banks
Social-psychological characteristics of bank personnel are described. Their most pressing problems are analysed and a model of psychological rehabilitation is presented.
The games for learning emancipation in schoolchildren
E.V. Zaika, G.N. Lantushko
More than 30 games and exercises for removal of emotional and personal-communicative obstacles in schoolchildren are described. The games are offered for 12—14 year-olds, smart and active during out-of-class activity, but unable to use their intellectual potential in learning situations.
Â.Ì. Teplov's ideas on feeling as culture phenomenon
It is customary to consider B.M. Teplov's work in the field of nervous system features studies (after I.P. Pavlov) to be his most important work. The author argues that his contribution into the theme of «Personality and culture» (together with L.S. Vygotsky) is no less important. The notion of feeling as ability to assimilate value-sense connections of cultural events (outer sign forms mirroring inner spiritual forms) lies in the core of B.M. Teplov's concept. Its central methodological problem is overcoming of confrontation between naturalistic and culturological approaches.
Language as a factor of ethnic identity
A.I. Dontsov, T.G. Stefanenko, Zh.T. Outalieva
Empirical study of language and ethnic identity interrelations in Khazakhs residing in poli-ethnical region is presented. It has been found that the level of competence in ethnic and «foreign» language and the degree of its coincidence with verbal behavior influence contents and manifestation of ethnic identity. High competence in native language and low one in foreign (Russian) language result in mono-ethnical identity accompanied by marked inter-group favoritism. Equal competence in ethnic and «foreign» languages promotes bi-ethnical competence and bi-ethnical identity formation. Language assimilation in ethno-social situation characterized by ethnic language prevailing results in interpersonal conflicts and marginal ethnic identity formation.
Freedom from frustration determinants
A phenomenon of personal freedom is studied in its connection to freedom from frustration, means of frustration overcoming. Its determinants are important in the forming of ability to withstand frustration and overcome it costructively.
Psycho-physiological studies of emotional lability in atomic power station personnel
V.A. Mashin, M.N. Mashina, I.A. Shmeleva
The necessity to work out the methods of evaluation of emotional lability for professional diagnostics in order to form individual programmes for professional improvement and psychological assistance for self-development in atomic power station personnel is substantiated. The results of experimental study of emotional lability by psycho-physiological means are presented.
The concept of «Maladie creatrice» in N.N. Bazhenov works
The author describes scientific interests and works of well-known Russian psychiatrist N.N. Bazhenov.
Genetic influences on childhood IQ in 5- and 7-year old Dutch twins
D.I. Boomsma, G.C.M. van Baal
IQ of 5- and 7-year old Dutch twins was measured in order to study changes in the genetic architecture of cognitive functioning. The continuity and dynamics in genetic and environmental influences were examined by means of development model of data processing. The results show that genetic influences persist during this age interval and greatly gain in relative importance. Shared family background influences IQ in early childhood but their relative importance becomes smaller. Unique environment manifests itself age-specifically and accounts for about a quarter of total variance of IQ in both 5- and 7-year old twins.
Specificity of integral individuality structures in senior schoolchildren depending on solidarity of educative groups
V.V. Belous, I.N. Drokina
The specificity of integral individuality structures in senior schoolchildren was studied in three different social groups. It is considered to be of probability character in the groups with high solidarity. Intergroup situation is depending on functional and probability connections unity.
Different approaches by foreign researchers to the problem of intellectual differences in child's development are discussed.