The article defines cultural psychology in the broad sense as a science on the borderline of psychology and the humanities. The author reconstructs development of national cultural psychology within the context of the hermeneutical (analytical cultural) paradigm, demonstrating that certain "modern-day" issues being discussed in post-modernism or cultural science were investigated by Russian intellectuals at the end of the XIXth and the beginning of the XXth century. Works by K.D. Kavelin, A.A. Potiebnya, G.G. Shpet, the St. Petersburg school of Medieval Studies, L.P. Karsavin, N.I. Kareyev, N.V. Teplov, G.I. Markelov and others are studied as a source of the hermeneutical paradigm in psychology. The author puts forward a hypothesis that modern cultural psychology developing on the foundation of post non-classical rationality has a historic opportunity of bridging the gap between the past and the future, tying up the broken links between different cultural historical approaches.