2003'4, p.104
Tsukerman G. A.
At the source of a learning community: A microanalysis of a lesson in a first form

The problem under analysis is how the teacher can initiate or provoke children's spontaneous actions aimed at the subject being studied and not sanctioned by the adult. The author suggests a method of microanalysis of a lesson, which allows one to study development of research independence of a form as a collective subject of learning. The method also enables the investigator to single out empirically observable events of a lesson which constitute the basis for diagnosing spontaneity and independence of first-year schoolchildren.