The paper studies the intentional behavior in babies within their first year of life brought up under mothering deprivation. The experimental investigation of babies at the orphanage showed and described object relation malfunction with people substituting mother: an increasing object estrangement, investigating motivation decrease, optic contact underdevelopment, voice contact weakening. The paper looks at the fundamental psychic course growth in deprived babies. It also compares their own initiative course growth in contact with adults and in toys investigating. The control group (babies from families) concluded that important prerequisites for successful intentional activity provide described in the paper particular encouraging adult behavior and the safety feeling (a low anxiety level), the baby's timely and full-fledged undergoing stages of symbiotic relations with its mother (or a person substituting her) with baby's gradual moving away from her. To violate the factors mentioned, the authors think, brings the risk of considerable decrease of babies' initiative marked at the first year of life. The phenomena described in the paper can be tools to diagnose the child's deprivation experienced at its early stages of growth.