The fate of Russian psychology depends on methodological interrelations of psychological practice and science. Present situation is characterized by their split. It can be overcome in the course of psychotecnic studies development not only correcting the situation but realizing "genetic" code of L. S. Vygotsky's cultural-historical approach. The basic pivot of psycho-tecnic approach is made of three categories: consciousness - practice - culture. The credit for psycho-tecnic working out of the practice category must be given to psychoanalysis. Psychotecnic category of consciousness have been developed by L. S. Vygotsky. Working out of psychotecnic culture category is an actual goal of modern psychology.