1996'1, p.34
Kabardov M. K. , Artsyshevskaya E. V.
The types of linguistic and communicative abilities and competence

Complex study in 13-14 years old adolescents demonstrated two types of language abilities: speech-communicative and cognitive-linguistic. The differences in strategies of foreign language mastering are considered to manifest themselves in: 1) communicative behavior characteristics during education; 2) learning abilities characteristics; 3) natural prerequisites (bio-electrical indices, hemispheric symmetry or asymmetry). Specific correlation of these substructures forms the types of language abilities. The students possessing two types of language abilities, being equal intellectually, need different educative technologies: those with cognitive-linguistic type succeed using traditional educative system and those with speech-communicative one are better off in intensive (communicative) system.