1993'4, p.68
Orlov . . , Khazanova M. A.
Empathy and congruence phenomena

The article presents detailed commentary to Yu. B. Gippenreiter, T. D. Karyagina and E. N. Kozlova publication. The analysis of different aspects of empathy and congruence shows that they are separate psychological phenomena and cannot be brought together. As a result the notions of "congruent empathy" and "pseudo-empathy" are cast doubt on.