The Plutchik's questionnaire was used in healthy and having somatic diseases patients for the study of psychological defence mechanisms. The results of the research were compared to those of other psychodiagnostical methods (adapted MMP and Kettell's) in the same participants. Correlation analysis showed that healthy patients had defence mechanisms and actual psychological state more interrelated than ill ones. The latter (both men and women) had stable correlation between ousting and anxiety-depression scale and women only between ousting and complex factor of anxiety by Kettell's test. Women (healthy and ill) were characterized by more stressed defence mechanisms than men. The role of ousting in anxiety genesis and compensatory part of other defence mechanisms are discussed.