1990'5, p.13
Etkind A. M.
Public atmosphere and individual way of a scientist: applied psychology in the twenties

The turning-points of Soviet psychology development - the transition from psychology to pedology in the twenties and pedology's and psychotechnics' crushing in the thirties - are considered. The author cites not only psychologists but political figures' (such as N. I. Buharin, A. V. Lunacharskiy, N. K. Krupskaya) statements concerning psychological matters, as well as social and political editions of the time. Tragic examples of wellknown Soviet pedolog A. B. Zaikind and psychotechnics' leader I. M. Shpilrein illustrate real social environment's role in the formation of scientific interests and personality of a scientist.