1989'4, p.118
Hanin Yu. L.
Cross-cultural perspectives in the assessment of individual differences: methodological and conceptual issues

The results of experimental study of psychotherapists' self-perception in comparison with students' - potential clients' of psychological consultation - perception of psychotherapists are analyzed. Significant differences in psychotherapeutic models in those receiving and in those giving' psychological help are stated by means of factor" analysis and the use of parameter statistics. Psychotherapists mark out the psychological sides of contact such as cordiality, empathy, authenticity and emotionality. Their clients mark out medical aspects and are expecting to be directed, convinced, suggested, things to be elucidated to them. The, students mastering' psychology occupy the intermediate position between two groups. So the client coming to a psychotherapist for help finds that his initial expectations are at variance with real psychotherapist's conduct.