Syntactical relations between elements in a sentence constitute the subject-matter of the activity of a reader at the synthetic reading stage. In order a pupil could master smooth and intelligent reading he must be first taught to notice grammatical features of words and to understand their role in connecting words. He must also be able to predict how the text he reads will develop and, at the same time, to perform connected reading and perceive meaningful divisions in the sentence. A procedure is suggested which makes it possible for 6-year-olds to master the rudiments of synthetic reading. One of the basic products of its employment is elementary comprehending by children of the communicative-syntactic relations.