1983'6, p.35
Lipkina A. I.
Personal meaning of learning factors for schoolchildren

Three factors mostly reflect a schoolchild's position in relation to his school work: 1) time spent, 2) general attitude (conscientiousness, diligence), 3) intellectual efforts. Conscious investment of mind's work into learning is governed by particular motivation which is intrinsically connected with the needs for self-actualization and self-assertion through obtaining of personally meaningful results in one's own activity. On the other hand such results obtain their meaningfulness through reference to opinions of meaningful others which-when explicitly shown or stated-provide a child with the feeling of competence and self-assuredness.