By its functions and psychological contents (goals, motivation, etc.) the labour activity in senior schoolchildren occupies an intermediate place between learning and typical adult-type work. Ability to produce real consumer's goods is both a means to develop in schoolchildren psychological readiness for work and a way of general education of them. Since the activity in question takes place before actual selection of a profession for himself, the schoolchild can not get completely involved into it. This contradiction is to be overcome by special emphasis in corresponding programs on scientific fundamentals of the modern industry, on development in children of general-type habits, skills, and abilities, of traits and qualities typical of the go ahead workers.